Abdominoplasty or commonly known as tummy tuck is cosmetic or reconstructive procedure to tighten the excessive loose skin or removing the fat from the abdomen after massive weight loss or post pregnancy. In many cases, it help alleviate pain, restored weakened muscles, improve bladder functions and create a firmer and toned body by shaping the abdomen. This is a major surgery so people should not think it as substitute of weight loss. Achieving flatter and toned tummy may be possible without surgery through exercise and healthy diet. This procedure is better considered for people who have left with no other option than this. Both man and women who are in good health can opt for this surgery. In some cases, liposuction surgery can be used as a part of abdominoplasty if required. Liposuction helps in shaping the thighs, back and sides.
Women who are planning to get pregnant should postpone the surgery until you are done with bearing children because future pregnancy can separate the tightened vertical muscles and it can cause permanent scarring on the abdomen which can fade away with time but not disappeared.
This surgery can take 2-5 hours depending on the desired results. Abdominoplasty can be done in two ways: Full Abdominoplasty and partial or mini abdominoplasty.
In full abdominoplasty surgeon removes excess skin and tightens the muscles on the full abdomen near around navel. The cut is made lower abdomen near the pubic hair extending upto hip bone to hip bone and counter the skin, muscles and tissue as required whereas in partial abdominoplasty surgery is done to remove excess skin below the navel and tighten the loosen muscles of lower abdomen. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia depending on the extent of surgery. For people who smoke doctors may suggest you to quit smoking atleast two weeks before the surgery and eat healthy balanced diet instead of drastic diet for weight loss.
Some people may feel pain, swelling, bruising, numbness and tiredness post surgery for which doctor can prescribe medicines. There can be some rare complications like infection, bleeding or blood clots, inflamed skin, dead tissue near the wound and can be serious complications if you have poor blood circulation, diabetes, liver or lung disease.